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著作权法:三十而立再出发
2020-05-09 07:51:05 来源: 光明日报
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  著作权法:三十而立再出发

  ——著作权法修法热点聚焦

  4月26日,第20个世界知识产权日。这一天,著作权法修正草案提交全国人大常委会审议。

  司法部党组书记袁曙宏在作草案说明时表示,近年来,随着我国经济社会发展,著作权保护领域出现了一些新情况、新问题,亟待通过修改完善著作权法予以解决。此次修法,也承载了人们对于著作权法的诸多新期待。

  今年是我国著作权法施行的第30个年头,正如中国人民大学法学院知识产权法教研室主任万勇所说,“‘三十而立再出发’,全国人大常委会在今年审议著作权法修正草案,可谓正当其时。”

  1.鼓舞与震慑,侵权将赔付高额赔偿

幸运飞艇滚雪球图片  BEIJINGZHONGXINGHUARUIKEJIFAZHANYOUXIANGONGSIQINFANXINWENZUOPINZHUZUOQUANAN、JIANGSUNANJING“HANJUTV”AppQINFANYINGSHIZUOPINZHUZUOQUANAN、SHANXI“SHENGCHENGJIAYUANWANG”QINFANZHUZUOQUANAN……RIQIANFABUDE2019NIANDUQUANGUODAJIQINQUANDAOBANSHIDAANJIAN,HANGAIXINWENCHUBAN、YINGSHI、TUPIAN、WENXUE、DONGMANDENGDUOGELINGYU。JUZUIGAORENMINFAYUANZHISHICHANQUANFATINGGUANWANGGONGBUDESHUJU,ZAOZAI2017NIAN,ZHISHICHANQUANMINSHIYISHENANJIANYIDA20.1WANJIAN,QIZHONGZHUZUOQUANANJIAN13.7WANJIAN,ZHANBI2/3。

  “JISHUJINBUDEYIGEFUZUOYONG,JIUSHIRANGQINQUANXINGWEIYOULEGENGDAKONGJIANHEGENGDUOKENENGXING。”SHEHUIKEXUEWENXIANCHUBANSHEFAWUBUZHURENGUANJINGYANDUICHUBANXINGYEZHUZUOQUANQINQUANXINGWEIJIFENKAIYOUWUNAI。“CHUBANSHEYIHENDADAIJIANADAOLEZUOPINDECHUANBOQUAN,DANJINGCHANGMIANLINZUOPINDEDIANZISHU、PDFMANTIANFEI,TAMENJIAGEDILIAN,YOUSHIHOUSHENZHISUIYICHUANBO。WOMENYAOMEJUBAOHOUYIZHICHABUDAOYUANTOU,YAOMETONGGUOSUSONG、GONGZHENGDENGFANGSHI,FEISHIFEILI,QUEDEBUCHANGSHI。YOUSHIHOUFEIHENDALIQI,ZUIHOUZHIDEDAOYIGEBUTONGBUYANGDEDAOQIAN。”

幸运飞艇滚雪球图片  “ZHISHICHANQUANQUANLIRENWEIQUANCHENGBENGAO、PEICHANGSHUEDI,SHIYIGE‘LAODANAN’WENTI。”WANYONGBIAOSHI,PEICHANGSHUEDISHIYOUDUOFANGMIANYINSUZAOCHENGDE,BIRUZUOWEIWUXINGCAICHANDEZHISHICHANQUANSHICHANGJIAZHINANYIHENGLIANG、DANGSHIRENTIGONGZHENGJUBUCHONGFEN,YIJIFALVGUIDINGBUWANSHANDENG。

幸运飞艇滚雪球图片  BENCIXIUFAZUIRANGGUANJINGYANGANDAOZHENFENDE,MOGUOYUNIYINRUCHENGFAXINGPEICHANGZHIDU,DAFUTISHENGPEICHANGSHUE。DUIYUQINQUANXINGWEIQINGJIEYANZHONGDE,XIUZHENGCAOANGUIDINGKEYISHIYONGPEICHANGSHUEYIBEIYISHANGWUBEIYIXIADECHENGFAXINGPEICHANG;JIANGFADINGPEICHANGESHANGXIANYOU50WANYUANTIGAODAO500WANYUAN。CIWAI,XIUZHENGCAOANHAIZENGQIANGLEZHUGUANBUMENZHIFASHOUDUAN,RUZENGJIAZHUZUOQUANZHUGUANBUMENXUNWENDANGSHIREN、DIAOCHAWEIFAXINGWEI、XIANCHANGJIANCHA,CHAYUE、FUZHIYOUGUANZILIAOYIJICHAFENG、KOUYAYOUGUANCHANGSUOHEWUPINDENGZHIQUAN。

幸运飞艇滚雪球图片  “RUGUOZHUZUOQUANFAZUIZHONGDEYIZHEIYANGXIUGAI,DUICHUBANXINGYELAISHUOSHIYIGEHENDADELIHAO。”GUANJINGYANBIAOSHI,“YIHOUZAIQUDUIKANGQINQUANXINGWEIJIUNENGHUODEGENGCHONGFENDEJINGJIBUCHANG,DUIWEIQUANZHESHIGENGDADEGUWU,DUIYUQINQUANZHEZESHIGENGDADEZHENSHE。”

  2.包容与开拓,为短视频、直播立严规矩

幸运飞艇滚雪球图片  “TONGXUEMENSHANGWUHAO!JINTIANWOMENYAOJIANGDESHILIANGZIXIAOYINGLIFEICHANGZHONGYAODENEIRONG——CHAODAO。”2YUE20RI,95SUIDEQINGHUADAXUEWULIXIJIAOSHOUZHANGLIBA《LIANGZILIXUEQIANYANXUANTI》KECHENGBANDAOXIANSHANGKETANG,HESHENCHUTIANNANDIBEIDEXUESHENGZAI“YUNDUAN”JIAOLIU。

  JIEZHIJINNIAN3YUE,WOGUOZAIXIANJIAOYUYONGHUGUIMODA4.23YI,JIAO2018NIANDIZENGZHANG110.2%。BAOFASHIZENGZHANGDEBUZHIZAIXIANJIAOYU。JIEZHIJINNIAN3YUE,WOGUOWANGMINGUIMODA9.04YI,QIZHONGYUEYOU80%WEIDUANSHIPINYONGHU。QIANJITIANbZHANDUANSHIPIN《HOULANG》JIEWEITIDAO,JINbZHANYONGHUYIDA1.3YIREN。

  YIDONGHULIANSHIDAI,DOUYIN、KUAISHOU、XIGUASHIPINDENGPINGTAIYICHANGHUOBAO,DUANSHIPIN、ZHIBO、YOUXISHIPIN、WUDAOYANCHU、CHUANGYIXIAOJUCHANGDENGZUOPINCENGCHUBUQIONG……JISHUDEFUNENG,RANGMEIGERENDOUNENGQINGSONGJIECHUDAOHAILIANGDEZUOPIN,YENENGQINGSONGZHIZUOZUOPIN,BUDUANZHANSHICHUANGYI、FENXIANGSHENGHUO。ERZUOPINDEFUZHI、CHUANBOYUEBIANJIE,ZHEIXIEXIESHOU、UPZHUMENYUZHUZUOQUANFADEGUANXIJIUYUEMIQIE。

  GOUCHENG“ZUOPIN”DEBIAOZHUNSHIFOUYINGDANGZHONGXINJIEDING?WANGLUOCHUANGZUOXINGWEISHEJINAXIEZHUZUOQUAN?WANGLUOZHIBO、DUANSHIPINYUNYINGZHEYUWANGLUOPINGTAIXUYAOZHUYIDEZHUZUOQUANXINGWEIGUIFANYOUNAXIE?XIANGYINGDEFALVZERENRUHE?QUANGUORENDACHANGWEIHUIWEIYUANXIEGUANGXIANGJIANYIRENZHENYANJIU“HULIANWANG+ZHUZUOQUAN”WENTI,CHONGSHIWANSHANXIANGGUANNEIRONG。

  ZHIDEGUANZHUDESHI,XIUZHENGCAOANCICIJIANGSHOUZHUZUOQUANBAOHUDE“DIANYINGZUOPINHEYILEISISHEZHIDIANYINGDEFANGFACHUANGZUODEZUOPIN”GAIWEI“SHITINGZUOPIN”。

  “DANGYIZHONGXINDEZUOPINLEIXINGCHUXIANZHIHOU,WULUNTAYILAISHENMEYANGDEJISHUCHUANGZUOCHULAI、PINGJIESHENMEYANGDEXINGSHIBIAOXIANCHULAI,ZHIYAOTASHIZUOPIN,SHIJUYOUDUCHUANGXINGDEZHILICHENGGUO,NEIJIUYINGDANGSHOUDAOZHUZUOQUANFABAOHU。”ZHONGYANGMINZUDAXUEFAXUEYUANFUJIAOSHOUXIONGWENCONGBIAOSHI,YOUYUDUIXIANYOUFATIAOZIMIANHANYIDEJIEDUGUOYUJIANGHUAJIXIE,DAOZHIYIXIETIYUSAISHIZHIBOSHIPIN、WANGLUOYOUXI、DONGMANJIEMU、YINLEPENQUANDENGZHILICHUANGZUOCHENGGUO,YOUYUBUWANQUANFUHE“DIANYINGZUOPINHEYILEISISHEZHIDIANYINGDEFANGFACHUANGZUODEZUOPIN”ZHIJISHUYAOJIAN,ZAISHIJIANZHONGYAOBUYAOJIYUBAOHUCHUXIANJUDAFENQI,GUXIUZHENGCAOANJIANGQITONGCHENGWEI“SHITINGZUOPIN”,YOULIYUHUAJIEMAODUNHEZHENGYI。

  “YIHANDESHI,CAOANDUIYU‘WENBENYUSHUJUWAJUELIWAI’、BIFENGGANGZHIDUMEIYOUZUOCHUGUIDING。”WANYONGBIAOSHI,RUGUOMEIYOUGUIDING“WENBENYUSHUJUWAJUELIWAI”,WEILAIXIANGGUANCHANYEFAZHANSHIKENENGZAIFALVSHANGYUDAOXIANGDANGDADEZHANGAI。

  3.保护与传播,著作权法天平的两端

幸运飞艇滚雪球图片  “WUFENZHONGKANWANYICHANGDIANYING”“YIFENZHONGDAINIKANJU”,RUJIN,JIANGDIANYING、DIANSHIJUNEIRONGCHAIFENCHENGTUJI、DUANSHIPIN,ZAIJINXINGJIESHAOJIEXIDEXINGSHI,MANZULEHENDUOSHOUZHONGDE“KUAICANSHI”GUANYINGXUQIU。DANZHEIYANGDE“JUTOU”HEFAMA?

  XIANXINGZHUZUOQUANFADUI“HELISHIYONG”ZUOPINLIUYOUKONGJIAN,QIZHONGGUIDINGWEIGERENXUEXI、YANJIUHUOZHEXINSHANG,SHIYONGTARENYIJINGFABIAODEZUOPIN;WEIJIESHAO、PINGLUNHUOZHESHUOMINGMOUYIWENTI,ZAIZUOPINZHONGSHIDANGYINYONGTARENYIJINGFABIAODEZUOPINDENGQINGXING,ZHIMINGZUOZHEXINGMING、ZUOPINMINGCHENGHOU,KEYIBUJINGZHUZUOQUANRENXUKE,BUXIANGQIZHIFUBAOCHOU。ZAIWEIXINGONGZHONGHAOKANFABIERENDEWENZHANG、JIEXIJIESHAOYINGSHIZUOPINRUJINFEICHANGPUBIAN,GUANJINGYANRENWEI,ZHEIQISHISHI“ZUANLEFALVDEKONGZI”。XIUZHENGCAOANZENGJIALEYIGEPINGPANZHIYIN,GUIDINGZAIHELISHIYONGSHI“BUDEYINGXIANGGAIZUOPINDEZHENGCHANGSHIYONG,YEBUDEBUHELIDISUNHAIZHUZUOQUANRENDEHEFAQUANYI”。XIONGWENCONGRENWEI,ZHEIYANGYOULIYUTISHENGFALVDEQUEDINGXINGHEKEYUQIXING,JIANGDISIFACAILIANGDEMOHUXING。

幸运飞艇滚雪球图片  “BAOHUZHUZUOQUANDEMUDEBUSHIDANCHUNWEILEDUIZUOZHEJINXINGJIANGLI,ERSHITONGGUOGULIZUOZHECONGSHICHUANGZUOHUODONG,CUSHIGENGDUOYOUXIUZUOPINDEYICHANSHENGHECHUANBO。”WANYONGBIAOSHI,WEILESHIXIANZHEIYILIFAMUDE,ZHUZUOQUANFASHOUYUZUOZHEJIAOWEIQUANMIANDERENSHENQUANYUCAICHANQUANBAOHU、WEIZUOPINSHEZHIBAOHUQI,YIJIGUIDINGLEHELISHIYONGZHIDU,YIPINGHENGGEFANGZHUTIDELIYI。

  ZAICIJICHUSHANG,CICIXIUFAYECHENGZAILEXUEJIE、FALVJIEDUIYUZHUZUOQUANFAGULICHUANGXINYUHELICHUANBODEXINQIDAI。QUANGUORENDACHANGWEIHUIWEIYUANLIXUEYONGBIAOSHI,ZHUZUOQUANFASHIYIZHONGTONGGUOBAOHUCHUANGXINZHUTIQUANYICONGERJIFACHUANGXINDONGNENG、PEIYUCHUANGXINJINGSHENDEZHIDUSHEJI。JINNIANLAI,WOGUOZUOPINSHULIANGBUDUANZENGZHANG,DANZAIWENYIDENGYIXIELINGYUZUOPINCUNZAIYOUSHULIANGDANZHILIANGBUGAO、YOU“GAOYUAN”QUE“GAOFENG”DEQINGKUANG,TAJIANYIJINYIBUJIANQUANWANSHANYOULIYUHONGYANGCHUANGXINHECHUANGZAOJINGSHENDETIZHIJIZHI。

  QUANGUORENDACHANGWEIHUIWEIYUANYANGZHIJINZEJIANYIYAOXIEDIAOHAOZUOPINDECHUANGZUOSHENGCHANYUCHUANBOSHIYONGDEGUANXI、ZHUZUOQUANBAOHUYUXIANZHIDEGUANXI。JIYAOBAOHUHAOZUOZHEDECHUANGZUOREQING,JILIZUOPINCHUANGZUOSHENGCHAN,YOUYAOYOULIYUZUOPINDEHEFACHUANBO,ZHELIXIEDIAOHAOZUOPINZUOZHE、ZUOPINCHUANBOZHE、SHEHUIGONGZHONGZHIJIANDEGUANXI,RANGZUOPINYONGQILAI、HUOQILAI,CHANSHENGGENGDUOGENGHAODESHEHUIXIAOYIHEJINGJIXIAOYI。

  (JIZHE LIUHUADONG)

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